As with most animals, they are many and varied disease stateswhich can affect those fluffy guinea pig balls. Symptoms with which they are usually associated guinea pig diseasesinclude loss of appetite, lethargy, difficulty breathing, difficulty urinating and defecating, hair loss, diarrhea, and constant scratching. The appearance of even one of them is reason enough to visit a veterinary office.
1. Dental problems
Guinea pigs are unique in many ways – for example, their teeth grow continuously throughout their lives. Improper removal leads to overgrowth and distortion, which makes it difficult or completely impossible to feed the animal. It is possible that the pig will starve for days before the owner notices the problem. Use the amount of food in your pet’s bowl as an indicator of his health. Get checked out weekly by pulling your cheeks back and baring your teeth. Stock up on items to chew on, from wooden toys to hard, wholemeal bread. Don’t worry if your guinea pig has oversized teeth – a vet can easily get them back to their normal size. The procedure is completely safe.
Although the fruit and vegetable diet has many positive effects on the animal’s body, diarrhea may occur as a side effect. This is especially true of leafy vegetables such as icebergs. In addition to eating, diarrhea can be the result of a bacterial invasion of the gut. If there is no change in stool consistency after stopping fruit and vegetables and increasing fiber, it is likely an infection. In any case, seek veterinary help.
Internal parasites rarely choose to be kept in Guinea pig. The same cannot be said for the vexing external parasites, which are transmitted both through animal contact and through hay and straw reptiles. These pests burrow into the animal’s skin, irritating it and causing it to itch. In places that are combed, subsequent hair loss is possible. Consult your veterinarian for the best anti-parasitic product for treatment and prevention.
4. Respiratory tract infections
Natural habitat guinea pigs is South America – so sometimes adapting to the harsh European climate proves to be a difficult task for these exotic creatures. High humidity and low temperatures quickly lead to respiratory diseases. They manifest themselves in whistling, gurgling or breathing difficulties – as if the animal has just run a marathon. Consider how to improve your pet’s habitat to avoid unwanted meetings with your vet.
Guinea pigs are one of the few animal species (including humans) that cannot synthesize vitamin C on their own. For this reason, it must be present in their diet in constant amounts. Some homeowners rely on vitamin-rich foods like citrus fruits and kiwi fruit, while others rely on solid or water-soluble supplements. A prolonged lack of vitamin C leads to scurvy, manifested as movement disorders, diarrhea, weight loss, and more.
6. Urinary problems
Women tend to develop cystitis. Symptoms of a urinary tract infection include blood in the urine, failure to urinate, and discomfort when urinating. Treating them at home is almost impossible, so go to the vet’s office the first time you suspect.