You just bought a guinea pig? It’s fantastic! Guinea pigs are very friendly creatures that can quickly become friends of the whole family. However, you should not only feed and stroke such a pig. It will be important to check your mumps health as often as possible and catch them as quickly as possible when symptoms are showing. Unfortunately, mumps get sick just like any other animal. A sick piggy is a sad piggy, so you should take care of it. What diseases of guinea pigs are these lovable animals at risk of? Why are the pigs … going bald due to some of them? We explain!

For more advice and information, also check out the guinea pig articles here.

The guinea pig at the decorative pumpkin and the most common diseases of guinea pigs
The most common diseases of guinea pigs, their symptoms and treatment

Diseases of guinea pigs

Treatment of the guinea pig

Pigs, although they are quite small animals, often get sick. Even if the piggy has the best food and cage equipment, it can still be susceptible to disease. With this fact in mind, it will be useful to learn more about your pigs – not only what your guinea pigs eat, but their common health conditions. Texel guinea pigs can even get pneumonia, so even an apparently ordinary cold can have unpleasant consequences.

Are you a responsible and conscious guardian? Well, you should have at least a basic understanding of guinea pig diseases. Of course, a description of the disease or photos of a sick mumps should not become a determinant of treatment! However, it is worth knowing what you are dealing with and how you can help the mumps if necessary. It is not the caregiver who should make the final diagnosis, but the vet. The guardian can introduce appropriate prophylaxis so that the mumps do not get sick. Therefore, proper care, proper nutrition and good living conditions for the guinea pig count.

Bronchitis in guinea pig

These are the most common diseases of guinea pigs, strongly influenced by an apparently minor cold. Bronchitis is manifested by:

  • weakening of the mumps organism,
  • lack of appetite,
  • increased thirst,
  • heavy breathing,
  • coughing and sneezing
  • apathy,
  • tarnishing of the hair.

In order to avoid such problems, it will be worth buying an air humidifier in the apartment, and also putting in the cage, for example, a bottle with hot water, wrapped in a cloth. A visit to the vet is necessary!


Texel guinea pigs often suffer from pneumonia as well. The most common symptoms of pneumonia include:

  • lack of appetite
  • heavy breathing
  • nasal discharge and sneezing
  • cough,
  • desire,
  • dullness of the coat and deterioration of the skin.

In order to avoid such problems, it will be worth buying an air humidifier in the apartment, and also putting in the cage, for example, a bottle with hot water, wrapped in a cloth. A visit to the vet is necessary!

Dust lice, or parasites in mumps

The rosette guinea pig can also be attacked by various internal or external parasites, such as, for example, chicken lice. When such a parasite appears, the mumps will often scratch itself, and you will notice tiny crumbs near its skin. They are similar to dandruff. Pig alopecia can also appear when she scratchs herself a lot.

The most important thing will be a visit to the vet who will examine the mumps and recommend the use of the preparation against parasites. Most often (if the pig has hair) you will need to brush the dust louse with a brush (as hard as possible).

Recommended products for guinea pigs

Other ectoparasites that can cling to the guinea pig include:

  • fleas,
  • lice (in the coat).

To get rid of them, disinfect the cage, replace the substrate and sprinkle the rodent with, for example, Pultox. Or maybe you will also be interested this article with tips on how to identify the gender of your guinea pig?

Internal symptoms of guinea pig disease

Molar hypertrophy

Guinea pig diseases aren’t just about skin problems. The mumps can also suffer from molars overgrowth, which is best illustrated by numerous photos. When the rosette mumps get into this trouble, you’ll notice that:

  • the piggy will not eat, despite his appetite,
  • the pet will start losing weight and weakening immediately.
Cage-looking guinea pig, as well as guinea pig diseases and their symptoms
What are the most common diseases of guinea pigs and their symptoms

The guinea pig may starve to death if you do not notice the problem! That is why it will be so important to visit the vet who will nail the cloves to the guinea pig. Remember that you can’t just give your guinea soft food – otherwise it won’t bite at all. And biting is very important to keep her healthy.

Eye problems in guinea pigs

Mumps very often have a problem with viral keratitis. The main symptom in this case is the white discoloration of the eyeball. However, it is enough to give the pet restoratives, and also take the mumps to the vet.

Another eye condition is orbital inflammation which occurs when the eyeball protrudes. To prevent disease, give mumps anti-inflammatory drugs as recommended by your veterinarian.

Other diseases of guinea pigs

Common diseases of guinea pigs also include:

  • allergies – the mumps may scratch excessively and will also develop scabs without blood. Alopecia is also common. In this case, you will need to get rid of the allergens (like hay or sawdust) when the mumps go bald,
  • constipation – result from improper feeding of the pig, and most often from giving it too much dry food. The pet’s diet should be changed immediately,
  • diarrhea – they also result from improper feeding of mumps or food poisoning. You will need to give your mumps charcoal to reduce diarrhea and also adjust your diet to a drier one.

Remember that…

Treating mumps is very important. Unfortunately, it is sometimes difficult to diagnose the disease. Therefore, it will be important to provide the guinea with healthy food and living conditions, and to observe the animal. Such measures will help to prevent diseases that often occur in guinea pigs. Of course, the diseases we list are not all the diseases that the guinea pig is exposed to. That is why it is important to check the pet every year at the veterinarian who deals with exotic species of animals. Thanks to this, you will have a good conscience and be sure that the mumps are safe.


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