Potato and rhubarb – don’t give this to your guinea Pig. What to feed guinea pigs with?

Potato and rhubarb - don't give this to your guinea Pig.  What to feed guinea pigs with? 

House coffee, popularly known as guinea pigs, is a rodent that originates in South America. They have long been valued for their friendliness, contact and low requirements for care. Therefore, they are one of the most-chosen pets. Although their care is not complicated, it is necessary to follow a proper diet to ensure health and well-being. Today’s article aims to broaden your knowledge of the field feeding of guinea pigs. We will suggest what to feed guinea pigswhat products to serve and which to avoid.

Guinea pig nutrition – based on plant products

Appropriate feeding of guinea pigs is essential for the proper development and health of an animal. Guinea pigs are vegetarians, so their diet should be based solely on plant-based foods. Below we suggest what a guinea pig’s menu should include.

Volumetric food

The menu of the guinea pig should consist mainly of hay and fine straw. Hay is rich in fiber, which is essential for the proper functioning of the digestive system and the digestive processes of guinea pigs. What’s more, consuming it makes it easier to wear off your guinea pig’s ever-growing teeth. The volumetric food should be fed in a volume of about 50-80 g per day, preferably in a separate container. Remember that hay and straw should always be clean and dust-free. Moist and unpleasant-smelling hay is unfit for consumption. Eating stale and dusty hay can have a negative effect on health and clog our pet’s delicate nostrils.

Juicy food

Juicy food, in the form of vegetables, fruit and greens, should be served in a separate container so that it does not get dirty with the animal’s excrements and that it looks appetizing all the time. Serving fresh vegetables and fruits is extremely important because of the vitamins and minerals they contain. The daily dose should be about 40-70 g. Remember that all vegetables and fruits should be thoroughly washed and dried before serving, because wet – they can cause flatulence. We serve fruits in moderation, because they contain fattening fructose, and grapes, for example, contain dangerous little seeds that can choke you. We should also remember that an excess of greens, legumes and cruciferous vegetables may result in the appearance of dangerous flatulence.

Of the vegetables, the best for a guinea pig is:

  • carrot,
  • kohlrabi,
  • celery,
  • beetroot,
  • White radish,
  • parsley,
  • cucumber,
  • Red pepper,
  • radish,
  • courgette,
  • tomato.

In small amounts, you can also give:

  • broccoli
  • cauliflower,
  • eggplant,
  • Brussels sprouts.

From the fruits of the guinea pig, we give:

  • Apple,
  • a pear,
  • melon,
  • watermelon,
  • plum,
  • banana
  • cherries,
  • blackberries,
  • cherries,
  • raspberries,
  • apricots,
  • peaches,
  • nectarine,
  • pineapple,
  • strawberry,
  • blueberries,
  • currants,
  • gooseberry,
  • berries,
  • cranberries,
  • kiwi,
  • mango.

In small amounts, you can also give:

  • oranges,
  • mandarin,
  • grapefruit,
  • pomelo.

In the case of greens, it is worth reaching for:

  • radish leaves,
  • parsley,
  • sprouts,
  • fresh basil,
  • broccoli leaves,
  • Dill,
  • chard.

Rich food

Full-bodied food, i.e. good-quality food dedicated to guinea pigs, guarantees our pet a balanced diet throughout the year. A suitable feed should contain a minimum of 10% fiber. A good solution is granules that provide the pet with all the necessary ingredients, thanks to the fact that they are eaten whole (without the pig choosing its favorite morsels). However, you must remember to properly dose the food in accordance with the recommendations on the packaging. Guinea pigs are greedy and often do not know moderation in eating, so it is necessary to keep an eye on regular meal times and the amount of food consumed.

Fresh water

There must be a container in the guinea pig cage with cold and fresh water, which should be changed every day. The best choice will be still spring water, Oligocene or cooled boiled water. There are pigs among pigs that do not drink at all or that drink very large amounts, most often out of boredom. Eating or drinking shouldn’t be a way to pass the time. In this situation, it is worth refilling the drinker three times a day, and providing the animal with a little more entertainment in the form of stroking, playing and cuddling together.

Guinea pig
Feeding the guinea pig – don’t give this to the house coffee

The digestive system of domestic coffee beans is extremely sensitive. In addition, it is adapted to digest only plant-based food. When composing a menu for our guinea pig, keep in mind that not all products are allowed. In connection with, feeding the guinea pig should be in harmony with its nature and be based on products tailored to its needs.
Guinea pigs should not eat:

  • dairy products,
  • animal products (meat, eggs, fish, etc.),
  • mushrooms,
  • potatoes,
  • onions, leeks and garlic,
  • sweets,
  • rhubarb
  • coffee,
  • beans and peas,
  • moldy vegetables and fruits,
  • spicy herbs and spices,
  • jams and fruit preserves,
  • horseradish,
  • avocado,
  • fried, baked and cooked dishes,
  • fruit juices,
  • nuts.

How to feed guinea pigs to keep them healthy?

Many owners ask themselves what to feed guinea pigsto ensure their health, a shiny coat and well-being. Vitamin C supplementation is necessary in the daily diet. We have already written about the consequences of its deficiency in the article on the effects of improper feeding of guinea pigs. There are feeds on the market enriched with ascorbic acid, which rodents do not store and which is essential for proper functioning. Vitamin C can also be administered directly into the mouth, on food or in the form of vegetables and fruits. However, it should be remembered that vitamin C oxidizes very quickly, therefore it is necessary to consume it immediately after administration. Feeding guinea pigs it should also be enriched with products that facilitate tooth abrasion. Guinea pig’s teeth grow throughout their lives, so natural rubbing by eating hay or biting willow, poplar or fruit trees is mandatory.


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